In his 1963 book, Structures and Dynamics of Organisations and Groups (SDOG), Eric Berne talked about leadership and membership. SDOG is not an easily accessible book to read, and not one I feel I can recommend to the many managers I have worked with over the years, but if you are willing to mine for them, it contains hidden gems.
Although Berne mainly focussed on organisational structures and group dynamics in this book, he also has a few things to say about culture (the subject of a later blog for this year), and leadership.
Mainly, he identified three types of leadership: Responsible, Effective and Psychological.
Responsible: the person who has the title and authority within the organisation.
Effective - the one who actually gets the work done.
Psychological - the person people turn to, ie the union shop steward, or in some cases a previous leader who is still around but has maybe moved to another department etc.
I show them using a Venn diagram.
Ideally, all"types" need to reside in one person ..... but this is sometimes not the case:
Pip Larsson may hold the status of Manger (Responsible), but Kim Pearson is the one who gets things done (Effective).
And Chris Wu is the person to whom the team really listen (Psychological).
I firmly believe in relational leadership - leaders need followers - and the tools of Transactional Analysis can increase communication competence to enable leaders to embody Effective, Responsible and Psychological leadership traits.
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